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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

A unified platform to present and analyze the latest economic and social data for the Kingdom and its regions in visually interactive ways that facilitate understanding of the Saudi economic landscape.

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Kingdom

Country Data
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Overview

Graphic representing Third Quarter 2023
SAR 719.1 billion
Third Quarter 2023
Gross Domestic Product at Constant Prices
Graphic representing December 2023
SAR 98.5 billion
December 2023
Merchandise Exports
Graphic representing December 2023
SAR 60.4 billion
December 2023
Merchandise Imports
Graphic representing January 2024
1.6%
January 2024
Inflation
Graphic representing Third Quarter 2023
8.6%
Third Quarter 2023
Saudi Unemployment Rate
Graphic representing 2022
32,175,224
2022
Total population

In the third quarter of 2023, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at Constant Prices in Saudi Arabia was SAR 719.1 billion.

In January 2024 a value of 1.6% was registered in inflation measured by the consumer price index (CPI). The commodity with the highest annual variation compared to the same month of previous year was housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels, going from 6.6% in January 2023 to 7.8% in January 2024.

The merchandise exports in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in December 2023 were SAR 98.5 billion, 3.7% higher than previous month. The merchandise imports were SAR 60.4 billion, 10.1% lower than previous month. As a result, the trade balance in December 2023 was SAR 38.2 billion.

In the third quarter of 2023, the rate of employed population was 60.9%, where the rate of female employees was 35.9% for Saudis and 31.3% for Non-Saudis, while the rate of male employees was 66.8% for Saudis and 93.0% for Non-Saudis.

In the third quarter of 2023, the unemployment rate reached 5.1%. Differentiating by gender, female unemployment was 16.3% for Saudis and 6.4% for Non-Saudis, while male unemployment was 4.6% for Saudis and 0.8% for Non-Saudis.

The industrial sector in Saudi Arabia is slowing down, as the industrial production index decreased by 10.5% in December 2023 compared to the same month last year.

The total population registered in 2022 was 32,175,224, where 38.8% were females and 61.2% were males.

Economic Indicators

Real Sector Indicators

Real Gross Domestic Product

In the 2022, the real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Saudi Arabia was SAR 3.0 trillion (at constant prices). The economic activity with the highest real GDP registered in this period was Mining & Quarrying, with a total of SAR 1.1 trillion, representing 36.2% of the total GDP.

This graph shows the annual evolution of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at constant prices in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Evolution of the Gross Domestic Product
(Annual)

Consumer Price Index

In January 2024, the annual inflation rate was 1.6%. The subindex that recorded the highest annual inflation rate was housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels (7.8%), while the lowest annual inflation rate was recorded for clothing and footwear (-4.1%).

The graph shows the consumer price index recorded in January 2024, by expenditure category.

CPI Inflation Rate by Expenditure Category
(YoY)

Wholesale Price Index

In January 2024, the annual inflation rate reached 4.3%. The commodity that recorded the highest WPI was Other transportable goods, except metal products, machinery and equipment transportable goods (10.4%), while the lowest WPI was recorded for Ores and Minerals (-1.6%).

The graph shows the wholesale price index recorded in January 2024 by main group.

WPI Inflation Rate by Main Group
(YoY)

Industrial Production Index

Saudi Arabia’s Industrial Production Index decreased by 10.5% in December 2023 compared to the same month of last year.

Mining and Quarrying decreased by 14.3% in December 2023 compared to the same period last year, while Manufacturing Industry decreased by 3.3%. Electricity Supply recorded the highest increase by 25.8%.

The graph shows the percentage change in the Industrial Production Index (IPI) by economic activity.

Industrial Production Index by Economic Activity
(YoY Growth)

Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI)

In January 2024, the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) for Saudi Arabia recorded a value of 55.4, below the previous month's figure of 57.5.

The graph depicts the monthly evolution of the Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI), a key economic indicator that assesses the health of the non-oil economy by surveying purchasing managers across various industries. A PMI reading above 50 generally indicates expansion, while a reading below 50 suggests contraction, reflecting changes since the previous month.

Monthly Evolution of the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI)

Fiscal Indicators

Public Finances

The Kingdom's non-oil revenues reached SAR 457.7 billion in 2023, while oil revenues reached a total of SAR 754.6 billion. The expenditures amounted to SAR 1.3 trillion, of which SAR 186.5 billion were capital expenditures and SAR 1.1 trillion were current expenditures. This resulted in a deficit of SAR 80.9 billion.

The graph shows the annual evolution of government expenditures and revenues, with the line representing the deficit or surplus each year.

Government Revenues and Expenditures
(Annual)

Monetary

Money Supply (M3)

During 2023, the money supply of Saudi Arabia reached SAR 2.7 trillion, representing a 7.6% growth with respect to 2022.

The graph shows the annual evolution of money supply (M3) in Saudi Arabia over time.

* Money supply (M3) includes residents' foreign currency deposits, marginal deposits for LCs, outstanding remittances, and banks Repo transactions with the private sector.

Evolution of Money Supply
(Annual)

Lending Rates

During 2023, the Repo Rate was registered at 6.0%, while the Reverse Repo Rate reached 5.5%. On its part, the Saudi Interbank Offered Rates (3-month average) reached 5.9%.

The graph presents the annual evolution of the Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate and Saudi Interbank Offered Rates over time.

Evolution of Lending Rates
(Annual)

Lending to the Public Sector

In 2023, the total lending to the public sector amounted to SAR 687.0 billion, comprising SAR 146.7 billion in bank credits to public sector enterprises, and SAR 540.3 billion in government and quasi-government bonds.

The graph shows the evolution of bank claims on the public sector.

Bank Claims on the Public Sector
(Annual)

Lending to the Private Sector

In 2023, the total lending to the private sector amounted to SAR 2.5 trillion, comprising SAR 2.4 trillion in loans, advances, and overdrafts, SAR 18.8 billion in discounted bills, and SAR 81.8 billion in investments in private securities.

The graph shows the evolution of bank claims on the private sector.

Bank Claims on the Private Sector
(Annual)

Bank Deposits

The total bank deposits reached SAR 2.5 trillion during 2023. The distribution of these deposits were concentrated mainly on demand deposits (SAR 1.3 trillion), followed by time deposits & savings (SAR 864.1 billion) and quasi-money (SAR 297.1 billion).

The graph shows the annual evolution of bank deposits over time, categorized by type.

* Quasi-money includes residents' foreign currency deposits, marginal deposits for LCs, outstanding remittances, and banks Repo transactions with private sector.

Bank Deposits by Type
(Annual)

Bank Credits

During 2023, the bank credits in Saudi Arabia reached a total value of SAR 2.6 trillion. Out of this total, SAR 1.2 trillion were allocated to personal loans, SAR 250.6 billion to real estate activities, and SAR 179.3 billion to wholesale and retail trade, making these three activities the top three in terms of credit allocation.

The graph presents the annual evolution of bank credits over time by economic activity (ISIC4).

Bank Credits by Economic Activity (ISIC4)
(Annual)

Points of Sale Transactions

In 2023, SAR 614.0 billion were recorded in point of sale transactions, being higher by 9.8% compared to the previous period.

The graph shows the annual evolution of points of sale transactions in terms of sales in Saudi Arabia.

Annual Evolution of Sales

Points of Sale Transactions by Main Cities

In 2023 the cities that recorded the highest sales at transaction points were .

The graph shows sales at transaction points in the main cities of Saudi Arabia.

Sales by Main Cities

Automated Teller Machines (ATMs)

In 2023, 15,954 Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) were registered in Saudi Arabia, 1.8% less than the previous year.

The graph shows the annual evolution of the number of Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) in Saudi Arabia.

Annual Evolution of the Number of Automated Teller Machines (ATMs)

Cash Withdrawals

In 2023, 0 cash withdrawals were recorded in Saudi Arabia, of which NaN% were made in banks (0 cash withdrawals) and NaN% were made through Mada (0 cash withdrawals).

The graph shows the number of cash withdrawals made in Saudi Arabia, differentiating between those made by banks and those made with Mada

Annual Evolution of the Number of Cash Withdrawals

External Sector & International Trade

Trade Balance

In December 2023, merchandise exports reached SAR 98.5 billion, while merchandise imports were SAR 60.4 billion. As a result, the trade balance resulted in a surplus of SAR 38.2 billion.

The graph shows the monthly evolution of merchandise exports and imports in Saudi Arabia.

Merchandise Exports/Imports and Trade Balance

Non-Oil Exports and Imports by Products

Non-oil exports in December 2023 reached a total of SAR 26.5 billion. The main exports were Products of The Chemical and Allied Industries (SAR 8.6 billion), Plastics and Articles Thereof; Rubber and Articles Thereof (SAR 5.6 billion), and Transport Equipment and Parts Thereof (SAR 4.5 billion).

Non-Oil Exports by Products

Non-Oil Exports and Imports by Countries

The main non-oil export destinations during December 2023 were United Arab Emirates (SAR 5.7 billion), Türkiye (SAR 2.6 billion), and China (SAR 2.2 billion).

Non-Oil Exports by Destinations

Current Account Balance

In 2022, goods and services amounted to SAR 703.8 billion, the primary income was SAR 36.0 billion and the secondary income was SAR -171.6 billion.

In that period the current account balance was SAR 568.2 billion, being higher than the value of the previous year (SAR 156.4 billion).

The graph illustrates the annual evolution of current accounts, with the line representing the current account balance.

Evolution of the Current Account Balance
(Annual)

Financial Account Balance

In 2022, the direct investment was SAR -4.1 billion, the portfolio investment was SAR 133.2 billion, the reserve assets were SAR 16.8 billion and the amount of other investments was SAR 331.7 billion.

In the same period the financial accounts balance was SAR 477.6 billion, being higher than the value of the previous year (SAR 134.9 billion).

The graph shows the evolution of financial accounts by year and the line represents the balance of the financial accounts.

Evolution of the Financial Account Balance
(Annual)

Capital Account Balance

In 2022 the capital account balance was SAR -14.7 billion, being lower than the value of the previous year (SAR -14.4 billion).

The graph shows the evolution of capital accounts balance by year.

Evolution of Capital Account Balance
(Annual)

Reserve Assets

In the fourth quarter of 2023, the reserve assets of Saudi Arabia amounted to a total of SAR 1.6 trillion. Out of this total, SAR 1.6 billion are stored in monetary gold, SAR 78.4 billion in SDR, SAR 13.9 billion in reserve position in the IMF, SAR 558.8 billion in foreign currency and deposits abroad, and SAR 985.7 billion in investments in foreign securities.

The total reserve assets have presented an overall decrease of 0.6% compared to the previous quarter.

The chart shows the total reserve assets of Saudi Arabia by quarter.

Reserve Assets

FDI Inflows and Outflows

During third quarter of 2023, the FDI net inflow amounted to 11.4 billion of SAR, showing a decrease by 10.1% compared to the previous quarter.

On the other hand, the FDI net outflow amounted to 18.6 billion of SAR presenting an increase of 1.7% compared to the previous quarter.

The chart shows the evolution of the FDI net inflows and net outflows over time.

FDI Net Inflows and Net Outflows

Workers' Remittances

In 2022 workers' remittances reached an amount of SAR 145.6 billion, being lower in 2.5% than the previous year.

The graph shows the annual evolution of workers' remittances.

Evolution of Workers' Remittances
(Annual)

Energy, Electricity & Water

Oil Prices

In 2021, the real price of Arabian Light oil was $55.5 per barrel.

Compared to North Sea (Brent) oil, whose price was $55.7, Arabian Light oil was priced 0.4% lower, while when compared to OPEC basket oil whose price was $54.9, Arabian Light oil was priced 1.1% higher.

The graph shows the annual evolution of the real oil price in dollars per barrel.

Real Oil Price
(Base Year 2005)

Saudi Exports by Destination

Saudi exports of crude oil in 2021 reached 2,273 million barrels. The main destination of these exports was Asia and Far East, accounting for 77.0% of the total exports, followed by Western Europe (8.4%), North America (7.1%), Middle East (3.5%), Africa (2.8%), and South America (1.1%).

The visualization shows the annual evolution of Saudi exports of crude oil by destination.

Saudi Exports of Crude Oil by Destination

Production

In 2021, crude oil production in Saudi Arabia reached a total of 3,331 million barrels, being 1.2% lower than the previous period.

The graph shows the annual evolution of crude oil production in Saudi Arabia and its percentage change.

Saudi Crude Oil Production

Electricity Consumption

Electricity consumption in the Kingdom during 2022 was 298,701,592 Megawatts/h, with residential consumption (142,449,919 Megawatts/h) standing out, followed by industrial consumption (52,860,205 Megawatts/h) and commercial consumption (50,983,824 Megawatts/h). You can check the consumption by zones in the graph.

The visualization shows the electricity consumption (in Megawatts/h) by zone and type of consumption.

Electricity Consumption of The Kingdom by Type of Consumption

Water Consumption

In 2022, the water consumption in Saudi Arabia was 3.56 billion cubic meters. The administrative regions with the highest water consumption were Al-Riyadh (1.13 billion cubic meters), Makkah Al-Mokarramah (832 million cubic meters), and Eastern Region (657 million cubic meters).

The visualization corresponds to a map of Saudi Arabia divided into administrative regions and colored according to the water consumption (cubic meters).

Water Consumption by Administrative Region (Cubic Meters)

Structural Business

Revenues & Expenses

In 2022, the total operating revenues of the various economic activities in Saudi Arabia reached SAR 5.1 trillion, with Mining and quarrying being the activity with the highest registered revenue (SAR 1.5 trillion, 29.2% of the total).

In the same year, the total operating expenses were SAR 2.0 trillion, with Manufacturing being the activity with the highest registered expense (SAR 819.1 billion, 40.6% of the total).

The visualization shows the operating revenues and expenses of different economic activities.

Operating Revenues and Expenses by Economic Activity

Employees by Economic Activity

In 2022, 9,072,298 employees were registered in Saudi Arabia.

The economic activities with the most employees in that year were Construction (2,460,230) and Wholesale & retail trade; repair of motor vehicles (1,626,050). On the other hand, the activities with fewer registered employees were Electricity, gas supply (39,390) and Arts, entertainment & recreation (32,338).

The graph shows the number of employees by economic activity for the selected year.

Number of Employees by Economic Activity

Gross Fixed Capital Formation

In 2022, gross fixed capital formation in Saudi Arabia was SAR 424.9 billion.

The economic divisions that concentrated the greatest gross fixed capital formation were Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas (SAR 104.0 billion, 24.5% of the total), Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply (SAR 44.4 billion, 10.4% of the total) and Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products (SAR 40.4 billion, 9.5% of the total)

The graph shows the gross fixed capital formation by economic activity in Saudi Arabia.

Gross Fixed Capital Formation by Economic Activity

Individual Proprietorships

In 2022, there were a total of 282,320 new individual proprietorships in the Kingdom. Out of this total, 79,397 were registered in Al-Riyadh, 64,844 in Makkah Al-Mokarramah and 38,424 in Eastern Region.

The visualization shows the number of new individual proprietorships recorded in the Kingdom by region during the year selected in the timeline below.

Number of New Individual Proprietorships by Region

Financial Markets

Tadawul Indices

Notably, the industry groups that displayed the most significant annual growth of the Tadawul index during that period were Software and Services, which surged by 92.5%, and Capital Goods, which recorded an impressive growth of 83.8%.

The graph shows the year-over-year growth of the TASI sub-indices by month within different industry groups.

Performance of Industry Groups Indices

Price/Earnings Ratio

In January 2024, the price/earning ratio in Saudia Stocks Market was 16.7, 5.4% lower than the previous month (17.6).

Compared to the same month of the previous year, the price/earning ratio grew by 30.3% (12.8).

The graph shows the monthly evolution of the Price/Earnings ratio.

Monthly Evolution of the Price/Earnings Ratio

Earnings Per Share

In January 2024 the earnings per share in Saudia Arabia was SAR 1.8, 0.6% lower than the previous month (SAR 1.8).

Compared to the same month of the previous year, the earnings per share decreased by 31.9% (SAR 2.6).

The graph shows the monthly evolution of the earnings per share.

Monthly Evolution of the Earnings per Share

Humanitarian Donations

Funding to Countries

The countries that received the largest amounts of humanitarian aid from Saudi Arabia were Republic of Yemen (16.5 billion US dollars), Syria (3.14 billion US dollars), and Egypt (2.39 billion US dollars).

The graph groups the amounts of humanitarian aid by country of destination.

*Data accumulated between January 1975 and January 2021.

Funding to Countries

Funding by Sector

The sectors that benefited the most from humanitarian aid were Humanitarian aid and emergency relief (18.4 billion US dollars), Transport (7.27 billion US dollars), and Agriculture (3.31 billion US dollars).

The graph shows the humanitarian aid received by different sectors.

*Data accumulated between January 1975 and January 2021.

Funding by Sector

Social Indicators

Population

Population

In 2022 the population density of Saudi Arabia was 16.5 people per square kilometer. The regions that concentrated the largest population density were Jazan (105 people per square kilometer), Makkah Al-Mokarramah (57.5 people per square kilometer), and Al-Baha (30.2 people per square kilometer).

The graph corresponds to a map of Saudi Arabia divided into administrative regions and colored according to the population density of each region.

Population Density by Administrative Region

Population Pyramid

In 2022, the female population was concentrated in the age range of 5 - 9 years, with 1,354,766 women, corresponding to 10.8% of the total female population. For its part, the male population was concentrated in the age range of 30 - 34 years, with a total of 2,641,972 men, representing 13.4% of the total male population.

The graph corresponds to a population pyramid that shows the male and female population by age range.

Population Pyramid

Population Evolution by Nationality and Gender

During 2022, the female population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia showed an increase of 2.3% compared to the previous year, while the male population showed an increase of 5.6%.

Overall, the population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has increased by 4.3%, going from 30,784,383 people in 2021 to 32,175,224 people in 2022.

The graph shows the evolution of the population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by gender.

Evolution of the Population By Gender in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Non-Saudi Population

In 2022, the total Non-Saudi population of Saudi Arabia reached 13,382,962 people. Among this population, 15.8% were nationals from Bangladesh (2,116,192 people), 14.1% were from India (1,884,476 people), and 13.6% were from Pakistan (1,814,678 people).

The chart shows the nationalities represented among the total Non-Saudi population of Saudi Arabia.

Non-Saudi Population

Births and Newborns

In 2022, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia registered a total of 417,155 births among Saudi mothers, of which 400,099 were single births, 16,160 were twins, and 896 were triplets or more.

The highest number of births was observed among Saudi females in the age group of 25 - 29 years old, with a total of 116,083 newborns.

The chart presents the number of births classified by the age group of the mothers, and grouped by single and multiple births (twins, triplets or more).

Births and Newborns in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dependency Ratio

The dependency ratio represents the average number of economically dependent individuals per 100 people within the working-age group.

In 2022, the overall dependency ratio in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was registered at 37.3%, with a children dependency ratio of 33.7% and an elderly dependency ratio of 3.7%.

The chart shows the overall dependency ratio for total population by region.

Overall Dependency Ratio - Total Population

Marital Status

In 2022, 55% of the total population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was married, 2.4% divorced, 2.2% widowed and 40.4% never married.

You can review the marital status of the total population of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by age group in the graph and use the buttons above to change the gender and nationality of the data presented.

Marital Status by Age Range in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Marriage and Divorce

In 2022, 55.0% of the total population at marriageable age in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were married. Among these, 16.0% of the individuals between the ages of 15 to 29 years old were married.

The proportion of total males at marriageable age that were married was 54.0%, while among total women was 56.6%.

The graph shows the population pyramid with the number of married men and women at marriageable age in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia by age range, for Saudi and Non-Saudi population.

Population Pyramid of Married Individuals at Marriable Age in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Labor

Labour Force Participation

Population

In the third quarter of 2023, the labor force participation rate among Saudis in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reached 51.6%, with a breakdown of 35.9% for Saudi women and 66.8% for Saudi men.

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of the labor force participation by gender in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Saudi population).

Labour Force Participation Rate by Gender in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Average Salaries

Population

In 2022, the profession with the highest average salary in the private sector for Saudi women was scientific, technical and human specialists, with an average of SAR 7.8 thousand. For its part, the profession with the highest average salary in the private sector for Saudi men was scientific, technical and human specialists, with an average salary of SAR 15.4 thousand.

The graph shows the average salary in the private sector for different professions grouped by gender (Saudis).

Average Salaries in the Private Sector by Main Profession

Employees Registered in GOSI & Civil Services

In the third quarter of 2023, 1,413,806 of female employees were registered in GOSI, 528,428 in Civil Services and 1,056,542 as domestic workers, reaching a total of 2,998,776 female workers in Saudi Arabia. For its part, 9,399,182 of male employees were registered in GOSI, 738,147 in Civil Services and 2,682,049 as domestic workers, for a total of 12,819,378 male workers.

The regions that presented the highest number of female employees registered in GOSI and Civil Services were Al-Riyadh (888,498 employees), Makkah Al-Mokarramah (356,948 employees), and Eastern Region (284,284 employees). In the case of male employees, the regions with the highest number of registered workers were Al-Riyadh (4,587,456 employees), Eastern Region (1,878,966 employees), and Makkah Al-Mokarramah (1,785,066 employees).

The chart shows the number of employees registered in GOSI and Civil Services in Saudi Arabia during the third quarter of 2023.

* Data for domestic workers is only available at the national level.

Total Employees Registered in GOSI and Civil Services by Gender and Administrative Region

Employees by Occupations

During the third quarter of 2023, the occupations that registered the highest number of employees in Saudi Arabia were Elementary occupations (4,075,973 employees), Professionals (1,472,328 employees), and Craft and related trades workers (1,275,983 employees).

The chart shows the number of employees in by region and occupation.

* There are cases of subscribers working more than one job and in different professions, hence these may be counted more than once depending on the subscription, not the participant.

Number of Employees by Occupation and Administrative Region

Employees by Economic Activities

During the third quarter of 2023, the economic activities that registered the highest number of employees in Saudi Arabia were Construction (2,608,274 employees), Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles (1,621,497 employees), and Manufacturing (1,184,551 employees).

The chart shows the total number of employees by region.

Number of Employees by Economic Activity and Administrative Region

Unemployment

Population

In the third quarter of 2023, the unemployment rate of Saudis in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reached 8.6%. In particular, the Saudi female unemployment rate was 16.3%, while the Saudi male unemployment rate was 4.6%.

The graph shows the quarterly evolution of the unemployment rate by gender of the Saudi population in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Unemployment Rate by Gender

Unemployment by Age

Population

Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.

In third quarter of 2023, Saudi female youth unemployment rate was 25.3% and Saudi male youth unemployment rate was 13.6%. You can review other age groups in the graph.

The graph shows the unemployment rate by sex and age groups by quarter in Saudi Arabia (Saudi population).

Unemployment Rate by Age Range

Unemployment by Educational Level

Population

In the third quarter of 2023, the highest unemployment rate for Saudi women was recorded for those with an education level of bachelor’s or equivalent level (19.3%). On the other hand, the highest unemployment rate in Saudi men was registered in those who had an educational level of upper secondary education (5.8%).

The graph shows the percentage of the labor force with different levels of education who are unemployed (Saudi population).

Unemployment by Gender and Educational Level

Job Seekers

In 2022 the number of job seekers of Saudi Arabia was 324,936. The regions that concentrated the largest number of job seekers were Al-Riyadh (80,005 job seekers), Makkah Al-Mokarramah (73,633 job seekers), and Eastern Region (43,927 job seekers).

The graph corresponds to a map of Saudi Arabia divided into administrative regions and colored according to the number of job seekers.

Number of Job Seekers by Administrative Region

Housing

Housing Units

In 2022, the number of housing units occupied by Saudi households in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia were distributed as follows: 1,584,719 were an apartment in a multi-story building (38.2% of the total), 1,185,188 were a villa (28.5% of the total), 513,760 were a traditional house (12.4% of the total), 408,826 were a floor in a villa (9.8% of the total), and 321,939 were an apartment in a villa (7.8% of the total).

The graph shows housing units (occupied by Saudi households) by type of housing in different years in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Housing Units (Occupied by Saudi Households) by Type of Housing

Dwellings

Most total dwellings concentrate in Makkah Al-Mokarramah (3,260,806 dwellings, 26.3% of the total), Al-Riyadh (3,123,246 dwellings, 25.2% of the total), and Eastern Region (1,902,754 dwellings, 15.3% of the total).

The graph shows a map of Saudi Arabia divided into administrative regions and colored according to the number of dwellings for each type of dwelling selected.

Number of Total Dwellings by Administrative Region

Households

In 2022, the number of households in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was 8,174,674. The biggest number of households was located in Al-Riyadh.

In that year, the number of male-headed households was 7,175,120, representing 87.8% of the total.

The graph shows the number of households by administrative region, grouped by nationality or gender, according to the selected button.

Number of Households per Administrative Region, by Gender

Real Estate Price Index

In 2023, the Real Estate Price Index of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reached 82.6, an increase of 0.7% compared to the previous year.

The chart shows the Real Estate Price Index and the year-on-year rate of change in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Real Estate Price Index
(Annual)

Real Estate Price Index by Sector

General real estate price index increased by 0.2% during the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to the same quarter in the previous year.

The graph shows the percentage change in the Real Estate Price Index (YoY) by sector and type of real estate in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Real Estate Price Index by Sector & Type of Real Estate (YoY)

Health

Health Facilities and Personnel

In 2022, there were a total of 502,189 workers registered in the health sector in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The personnel was distributed as follows: 200,558 nurses, 138,362 assistant health employees, 129,229 physicians, and 34,040 pharmacists.

The graph shows the annual evolution of health sector employees in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Evolution of health personnel

Saudi Life Expectancy

In 2022, the average Saudi life expectancy was 77.9 years, being 80.9 years for females and 75.3 years for males.

Compared to the previous year, the overall life expectancy increased by 1.9 years, with female life expectancy showing an increase of 1.7 years, while male life expectancy increased by 2 years.

The graph shows the Saudi life expectacy, by gender and overall, over the years.

Saudi Life Expectancy

Education

Students, Schools & Teachers

In 2022, the total number of students in Saudi Arabia was 5,999,899. The administrative regions with the highest number of students were Al-Riyadh (1,430,320 students), Makkah Al-Mokarramah (1,365,956 students), and Eastern Region (882,155 students).

The visualization corresponds to a map of Saudi Arabia divided into administrative regions and colored according to the the number of students.

Students by Administrative Region

Illiteracy Rate

In 2017, the illiteracy rate for females in Saudi Arabia was 7.3%, while the illiteracy rate among males was 2.9%. Jazan region recorded the highest illiteracy rate among females at 18.1%, also registering the highest illiteracy rate among males at 6.9%.

The graph shows the illiteracy rate in 2017 by region and gender in Saudi Arabia.

Illiteracy Rate by Gender and Regions
(2017)

Expenditures on Education

In 2017, the highest expenditure on education was registered in Al-Riyadh with SAR 6.3 billion, distributed in tuition fees (SAR 3.2 billion), other (SAR 1.3 billion), school supplies (SAR 1.1 billion), school transfer (SAR 408.5 million), and private tuition (SAR 259.6 million).

The graph shows the Saudi household expenditure on education by administrative area and type of expenditure.

Saudi Household Expenditure on Education by Administrative Area and Type of Expenditure
(2017)

Higher Education

In 2021, 185,637 graduates were registered in Bachelor degree, 185,637 graduates in Bachelor degree, 26,237 graduates in Intermediate Diploma, 14,698 graduates in Master, 4,533 graduates in Higher Diploma, 1,749 graduates in Ph.D., and 812 graduates in Fellowship. You can see the distribution by gender in the graph.

The graph shows the distribution of graduates by educational group and gender in the year selected on the timeline.

Graduates by Educational Group and Gender

For feedback and inquires: datasaudi@mep.gov.sa
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